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莎士比亚年表

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发表于 2006-6-15 22:24 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
A Shakespeare Timeline Summary Chart
  
  Year Life Works1 Events & Publications2
  1564
  Shakespeare Born Christopher Marlowe born
  John Hawkins second voyage to New World
  Galileo Galilei born
  John Calvin dies
  The Peace of Troyes
  1565-1581
  1567(?) Richard Burbage, the greatest tragedian of the age, who would eventually portray Hamlet, Lear, Othello and all Shakespeare's great parts born
  1576 James Burbage (father of Richard) obtains a 21 year lease and permission to build The Theatre in Shoreditch
  1577 The Curtain, a rival theater near The Theatre, opens in Finbury
  1565 Golding's translation of Ovid's Metamorphoses (1-4)
  1566 Gascoigne's The Supposes
  1567 Thomas Nashe born
  1571 Tirso de Molina born
  1572 Thomas Dekker born
  1572 John Donne & Ben Jonson born
  1577 Holinshed publishes The Chronicles of England, Scotland and Ireland, Shakespeare's primary source for the history plays
  1579 John Fletcher born
  1580 Thomas Middleton born
  1580 Montaigne's Essais published
  1582 Shakespeare Married Hakluyt's Dievers Voyages Touching the Discovery of America
  1583 Birth of daughter Susanna
  The Queen's Company is formed in London
  1585 Birth of twins, Judith and Hamnet 1586 Mary Queen of Scots tried for treason
  1587(?)-1592 Departure from Stratford
  Establishment in London as an actor/playwright The Comedy of Errors
  Titus Andronicus
  The Taming of the Shrew
  Henry VI, 1,2,3
  Richard III 1587 Mary Queen of Scots executed
  1587 Marlowe's Tamburlaine
  1588 Defeat of the Armada
  1588 Greene's Pandosto
  1588 Marlowe's Dr. Faustus
  1590 Spenser's Faerie Queen (1-3)
  1590 Marlowe's The Jew of Malta
  1591 Sidney'sAstrophil and Stella
  1592 Robert Greene dies
  1592 Kyd's The Spanish Tragedy
  1593 Preferment sought through aristocratic connections - dedicates Venus and Lucrece to Henry Wriothsley, Earl of Southampton - possibly the youth of the Sonnets 1593 Venus and Adonis
  Begins writing the Sonnets, probably completed by c.1597 or earlier
  Two Gentlemen of Verona
  Love's Labour's Lost 1593-94 Theaters closed by plague
  1593 Marlowe dies
  
  1594 Founding member of the Lord Chamberlain's Men 1594 The Rape of Lucrece
  1594-1596 The Lyrical masterpieces
  Prosperity and recognition as the leading London playwright.
  
  1596 John Shakespeare reapplies successfully for a coat of arms
  1596 Hamnet Shakespeare dies at age 11
   Midsummer Night's Dream
  Romeo and Juliet
  Richard II
  Merchant of Venice 1594 Greene's Friar Bacon and Friar Bungay
  1594 Marlowe's Edward II
  1595 Thomas Kyd dies
  1595 Sidney's An Apologia for Poetrie
  1595 Sir Walter Raleigh explores the Orinoco
  1596 Spenser's Faerie Queen (4-6)
  1596 George Peele dies.
  1597-1599 Artistic Maturity
  Purchases New Place, Stratford with other significant investments
  
  
  1599 The Globe Theater built on Bankside from the timbers of The Theatre. Shakespeare is a shareholder and receives about 10% of the profits
   Henry IV,1,2
  The Merry Wives of Windsor
  As You Like It
  Much Ado About Nothing
  Henry V
  Julius Caesar 1597 Bacon's Essays, Civil and Moral
  1598 Phillip II of Spain dies
  1598 Francis Meres Palladis Tamia
  1598 John Florio's A World of Words (English-Italian dictionary)
  1598 Ben Jonson 's Every Man in his Humour
  1599 Essex sent to Ireland and fails, is arrested on return
  1599 Edmund Spenser dies
  1600-1608 The Period of the Great Tragedies & Problem Plays
  1600 The Fortune Theater opens
  
  1601 Shakespeare's father dies
  
  1603 The Lord Chamberlain's Men become The King's Men
  who perform at court more than any other company
  
  1607 Susanna Shakespeare married Dr. John Hall
  
  1608 The King's Men begin playing at the Blackfriars
  
  1608 Shakespeare's mother dies
   Twelfth Night
  Hamlet
  Troilus & Cressida
  Alls Well That Ends Well
  Measure for Measure
  Othello
  King Lear
  Macbeth
  Antony and Clepatra
  Coriolanus
  Timon of Athens 1600 Kemp's Nine Daies Wonder
  1600 Dekker's Shoemaker's Holiday
  1601 Essex rebels against Elizabeth, fails and is executed
  1601 Thomas Nashe dies
  
  1603 Elizabeth dies, James VI of Scotland becomes James I of England
  1603 Sir Walter Raleigh arrested, tried and imprisoned
  1603 The plagueonce again ravages London
  
  1604 Marston's The Malcontent
  
  1605 The Gunpowder Plot - Guy Fawkes and accomplices arrested
  1605 Bacon's The Advancement of Learning
  
  1606 Ben Jonson's Volpone
  
  1607 Tourneur (?) The Revenger's Tragedy
  1607 The founding of Jamestown
  
  1609-1611 Period of the Romances
  1609 Publication of the Sonnets Pericles Prince of Tyre
  Cymbeline
  The Winter's Tale
  The Tempest 1609 Beaumont & Fletcher The Knight of the Burning Pestle
  1610 Prince Henry created Prince of Wales
  Ben Jonson The Alchemist
  
  1612-1616 Shakespeare probably retires from London life to Stratford
  Works on collaborations with John Fletcher
  1616 Judith Shakespeare married Thomas Quiney
  
  March 1616 Shakespeare apparently ill revises his will
  
  April 23, 1616 Shakespeare dies and is burried at Holy trinity Church, Stratford
   Henry VIII
  The Two Noble Kinsmen
  Cardenio 1612 Henry Prince of Wales dies
  1612 Webster's The White Devil
  1613 Francis Bacon becomes attorney general
  
  1614 Jonson's Bartholomew Fayre
  1614 Webster's Duchess of Malfi
  1614 Sir Walter Raleigh's History of the World
  
  1616 Francis Beaumont dies
  1616 Ben Jonson's Workes published in folio
  
  1623 Publication of Shakespeare's First Folio
  
  
  
  The dates given for plays, of course, are only approximate. The actual composition date is rarely know for certain. The list of Shakespeare's works given in column three is in very rough approximate order of composition. There are significant disagreements among scholars about the actual order of composition and in most cases no firm dates. Works listed in column four are usually by date of publication. The Spanish Tragedy, for instance, was probably composed around 1586, but not published until 1592.
  

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soir

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牧场荣誉勋章

发表于 2006-6-22 14:34 | 显示全部楼层
这里好象也有马洛的年谱
这大概是什么教授用于比较马洛与莎翁的
Il n'y a pas d'amour heureux
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牧场荣誉勋章

发表于 2006-7-28 22:27 | 显示全部楼层

不过还是相当完整的
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habitant

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发表于 2007-7-1 23:24 | 显示全部楼层
   不识字。
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newbie

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发表于 2008-1-22 20:48 | 显示全部楼层
痛恨不翻译的LZ
我看不懂
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少年阿波罗

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发表于 2008-8-15 21:32 | 显示全部楼层
还算不错吧。就是读起来有些吃力而已~~~
http://hi.baidu.com/,我愿为追求理想而死,不愿百无聊赖而生。
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